Publication:

The Star Early Edition - 2021-11-25

Data:

ON THIS DAY, NOVEMBER 25

METRO

1120 The White Ship sinks in the English Channel, probably because of a drunken party, drowning the heir to the English crown and setting the stage for the period called “The Anarchy” in England. 1343 A tsunami devastates Naples, Italy. 1491 The siege of Granada ends with the fall of the last Moorish stronghold in Spain. 1497 Vasco da Gama’s storm-battered ships sail into Santa Bras (Mossel Bay), sighting islands thick with noisy birds. They unload their damaged store ship and burn it, while Da Gama trades gifts with the Khoikhoi. However, they offend the locals when they take fresh water without asking the chief’s permission, and the Khoikhoi begin assembling in an armed mass. The sailors quickly hot-foot it and take to their boats, while a couple of cannon blasts disperse the Khoikhoi. 1667 An earthquake rocks Shemakha in the Caucasus, killing 80 000 people. 1835 American financier, philanthropist and steel magnate Andrew Carnegie is born in Dunfermline, Scotland. He once wrote, “The man who dies rich dies disgraced.” 1839 A cyclone slams India, destroying the city of Coringa. The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20 000 ships and many thousands of people, killing 300 000 of them. 1846 American temperance leader Carry Nation is born in Kentucky. She was famed as a hatchet-wielding smasher of saloons. 1917 German forces defeat a Portuguese army on the border of Mozambique and Tanzania. 1941 The British battleship HMS Barham is sunk by a German torpedo. 1981 Forty-five mercenaries from South Africa (The Memorable Order of Froth Blowers) under Colonel ‘Mad; Mike Hoare land in Seychelles, to stage a coup, but they don’t get past the airport. Those who escape hijack a passenger plane and fly to Durban, where they surrender. One of them is Peter Duffy, an Argus group photographer. 1992 Czechoslovakia’s parliament votes to split the country in two. 2009 Freak rains swamp the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during a Hajj pilgrimage. Three thousand cars are swept away and 122 people die. | THE HISTORIAN

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